The Vedic View (Bhāgavata Purana, 2.5) is that time enters the material energy (which itself is a threefold energy reflecting the original threefold energy of Godhead). When time enters, things can proceed, things can evolve. The force driving the evolution is the svabhāva, which is the psychological disposition of the living entities who wish to project themselves into that material energy. The divine sciences of physics and chemistry partner with time in our universe. Physics provides color and chemistry presses it into matter.
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