Return of the "Pittura Metafisica" ca. 1915-20 art movement.
Pittura metafisica (Italian for "metaphysical painting") was an art movement that developed in Italy in the early 20th century. The movement was founded by Giorgio de Chirico and Carlo Carrà, and its most prominent artists also included Giorgio Morandi, Filippo De Pisis, and Alberto Savinio.
Metaphysical painting is characterized by its dreamlike and enigmatic imagery. De Chirico's paintings often depict deserted piazzas or classical statues in eerie settings, while Carrà's works often feature strange juxtapositions of objects or figures. The movement's artists were influenced by a variety of sources, including philosophy, psychology, and the occult.
The name "pittura metafisica" was coined by the art critic Ardengo Soffici in 1919. The movement was short-lived, but it had a significant impact on later art movements, such as Surrealism and Pop Art.
Here are some of the key characteristics of pittura metafisica:
- Static and empty spaces: Metaphysical paintings often depict empty or sparsely populated spaces. This creates a sense of unease and mystery, as the viewer is left to wonder what happened to the people or objects that once inhabited these spaces.
- Surreal juxtapositions: Metaphysical paintings often juxtapose ordinary objects in unexpected ways. This can create a sense of disorientation and confusion, as the viewer is forced to question their understanding of reality.
- Recurring motifs: Metaphysical paintings often feature recurring motifs, such as mannequins, classical statues, and arcades. These motifs can be interpreted in a variety of ways, but they often suggest a sense of alienation or unreality.
- Dreamlike atmosphere: Metaphysical paintings often have a dreamlike atmosphere. This is created through the use of soft light, muted colors, and ambiguous imagery. The dreamlike atmosphere can be unsettling or even disturbing, but it also invites the viewer to explore the subconscious mind.
"Night Like This" (2023). David S. Soriano
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