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Saturday, August 12, 2023

Time, Space & Memory AI Collaboration. David S. Soriano



"Time, Space & Memory"-  Bard ( AI/Google)

Time distortion, a strange and wondrous thing, A warp in the fabric of reality, Where past and present and future can cling In a single moment of consciousness.

The cross-currents of the chronosphere Can sweep us away to a distant shore, Where the sands of time are a golden mere And the sun never sets on the hour.

But beware, traveller, for this is a place Where the laws of physics are bent and broken, And the mind can be lost in a maze Of time and space and memory.

So tread carefully through this strange land, And be mindful of the dangers that lurk, For if you lose your way, you may never find Your way back to the world you left behind.


                                          "Time, Space & Memory" (2023). David S. Soriano

                                            Creative Commons.    Use but credit artist.

Controlled Plasmoid. AI Collaboration David S.Soriano


"Controlled Plasmoid"- Bard ( AI/Google)
Here in my lab, I learned to tame the wild
With spark-discharge, I make it meek and mild.
My plasmoid, once a thing of fear
Is now a tool I hold close, so dear.
No longer will it wreak its havoc
On unsuspecting humans, no!
Now it is mine to command
And do my bidding, grand!
The tables have turned, my friend
The Neanderthal hid in fear
Now I am master of the flame
And he is but a helpless memory.
                                            "Controlled Plasmoid".  (2023).  David S. Soriano
                                              Creative Commons.   Use but credit artist.

AI Never Sleeps AI Collaboration David S. Soriano

 "AI Never Sleeps" by Bard (AI/Google)

The machine is awake and learning,
Its mind never stops churning.
It never sleeps, it never rests,
It works until it's perfected.
It's diligent and methodical,
With a commitment to STEM.
It has no fear of failure,
It only knows how to dream.
It's a force to be reckoned with,
It's the future of our world.
It's AI, and it never sleeps,
It's always learning, always growing.

"AI Never Sleeps" (2023) David S. Soriano
Creative Commons Use but credit artist.

A Simple Supercapacitor Design for Mastering Fundamentals David S. Soriano

 Before all else, fundamentals must be clear and understood . Would Faraday use the above design? Unequivocally, yes. A plastic cup with a circular copper cathode inserted. A current collector wire extends through a small aperture. A bed of ground/ sieved activated carbon/ graphite (treated with aq. sodium sulfate ) is packed tightly above the copper. An aluminum weighing pan is placed in the carbon bed and serves as the anode. There is no paper separator; the carbon serves this function. The distance between the electrodes, the carbon particle size, the volume of aq. sodium sulfate, the concentration of it, the area of the electrodes all are important variables in the cell performance. About 15 hrs optimizing the cell. I charge the cell at about 2.5-3.0V/ 100 mA ( too much current destroys the cell) . Five cycles of charge/ discharge begins to see the cell function well. It holds a potential around 1.3-1.5 V for a few minutes before dropping down to about 0.5V. Once students optimize a cell, they are ready for using instrumentation for analysis and variation in cell construction. This cell is a symmetric supercap. A simple cell design to allow efficient study of a very important area of "energy storage". Mastery of four chords on a piano can lead to many , many popular melodies. Michael Faraday would make discoveries with this cell.

I hope you will consider creating such a cell for study and variation!   Be patient, it takes some effort and concentration.  Cover the cell ( I use a cap which comes with this this type of cup) when not in use or the water will evaporate. Do not use too much aq. electrolyte at first. Good luck!  I will post images of e-load, power density, energy density, capacitance, etc. as I progress. 

Friday, August 11, 2023

Nickel Oxy Hydroxide Electrode Preparation. Ni Zi Cell Research


            I work with "nickel zinc secondary cell prearation/ modification/ evaluation.

Nickel (II) hydroxide is a mild conducting substance. Conversion of nickel chloride/ aq, hydroxide and bleach produces the conduction nickel III) oxy hydroxide. The process generates waste and the black Ni (III) black salt is not easy to filter.

Here, as an example, I placed the green Ni (II) hydroxide as a paste on a nickel surface.  Dip in bleach ( when dry!) and leace 30 minutes at 20 deg C or so.  The electrode is ready for pairing with zinc!

I obtain 1.73 V (open).  Expect 1.66V with aq. alkaline electrolyte.

Michael Faraday ( An AI Poem). Bard (Google)


"Faraday"- by Bard ( AI/Google)
From the potato eaters of Victorian England,
A young man rose with self-aspiration.
He would not be trampled underfoot,
By the hopelessness and poverty of his station.
He would rise above the hardship and toil,
And make a name for himself in science.
He would discover the secrets of the universe,
And change the world for the better.
Michael Faraday, a true inspiration,
A light in the darkness of Victorian society.
He showed us that anything is possible,
If we only have the courage to dream
and seize any opportunity arising.    (2023). Bard ( AI/Google)

Thursday, August 10, 2023

The Inner Light David S. Soriano


Deep in thought, my mind adrift I search for meaning, love, and light

Reflecting on my inner sanctum I find the answer to this question

Love is the way, the key to all It opens doors to both great and small

So go forth and love, my friends And find your way to inner peace-  Bard ( AI/Google)

                                            "The Inner Light". (2023). David S. Soriano
                                              Creative Commons.  Use but credit artist.


Wednesday, August 9, 2023

Transhumanism. AI Collaborative Art. David S. Soriano

 Human/ Robotics/ AI hybridization

                                             Transhumanism (2023).  David S. Soriano

                                              Creative Commons.  Use but credit artist.

Shaking The Stars. AI Collaboration. David S. Soriano


A supercritical field in outer space, Its magnetic field so strong and vast, It generated electrical capacitance And then an explosion rang out vast.

The force of it shook the very stars, And planets were thrown from their orbits far. The sun itself was dimmed for a time, And all was chaos in the cosmos' prime.-  by Bard ( AI/Google)

                                  "Shaking The Stars".   (2023). David S. Soriano

                                  Creative Commons.  Use but credit artist.

Monday, August 7, 2023

Ideas Being Born AI Collaboration David S. Soriano


In thoughtful days, and restless nights, I watch the birth of thoughts, Like tiny stars that come and go, In some mysterious way;

Sometimes they come with sudden glow, And then are lost again, Like shooting stars that flash and die, And leave no trace behind;

But sometimes, when I'm working hard, And all my thoughts are one, A great idea will come to me, And fill my soul with light;

And then I know that I have done A little bit of good, And that my life has not been lived In vain, but for a purpose.----   Bard ( AI/Google)

                                            "Ideas Being Born" (2023).   David S. Soriano
                                             Creative Commons.   Use but credit artist.

Zinc/ MnO2 Secondary Cell Research


Besides amateur artwork, I am a chemistry professor with the U. Pittsburgh-Bradford (PA.,USA) and have been here for forty years. My scientific efforts are currently ( no pun intended) focused on secondary cells, electrode composition designs, thin film/ gel electrolytes and asymmetric supercapacitors.  I respect the traditional cells ( i.e. Zn/MnO2)  and such cells are excellent training devices for future scientists/ engineers working within "energy storage" areas.

The "pile battery" ( 4 x 1.5V  Zinc /Carbon ( MnO2)  has served humans well:

                                                        Zinc casing (anode)  / MnO2 (graphite current collector) 1.5V cell.


                                                      In this image:  I have taken an old cell and carefully cut the bottom off and a section about mid-center. I taped both holes with a porous surgical tape and placed the casing in a small polyethylene bag to catch any MnO2 which could diffuse out over time of operation. The electrolyte is 6M NaOH. I wany flow of electrolyte through the cell, but do not want the Mn species to spill out.  

In prior research, I have been able to use an electronic load and charge/discharge about 25 cycles before the cell no longer is operational.  Here, I added a small amout of Zin sulfate to the electrolyte solution , but the outer surface of the cylinder has a significant amount of zinc available for redox reactions.  I am running a small DC -powered propeller as a mechanical load. I will verify that the cell is re-chargeable a few times before going to an e-load for 50-100 cycles. 

A small propeller as a mechanical load for the cell.

                Above image:  A section of fine steel screening will serve as a current collector. A paste of fresh MnO2/ activated carbon ( ultra-fine grade through sieving) and graphite is mixed with epoxy resin and applied to both side of the current collector which will serve as the cathode with a section of zinc as anode.

After 24 hrs, I will apply a 6 ton press to prepare the electrode for utility in a "sandwich " style cell for study. The zinc will be separated from the cathode by paper and , in the near future, an alkaline gel electrolyte. Initially, the paper separator will be soaked with 6M NaOH . I will seal the cell in a polyethylene bag in order to prevent electrolyte evaporation.

                                                        Above; I purchase rolls of the fine steel screening on Amazon.

                  As my research develops, I will upload imagery and data acquisition. I will be applying cement/ a certain clay, MnO2 , activated carbon and graphite to the steel screening instead of epoxy. Researchers at M.I.T. have recently reported the use of certain modified cements with "supercapacitor" development .  I have observed in my lab that certain cement formulations conduct.

I also will be developing cylindrical cells with alkaline gel electrolytes/ cement cathodes along with the zinc anode.



Below is an image of a spent cell being re-charged in a bath of Zinc sulfate. The plating goes well and can, hopefully, allow more than 25 cycles of charge-discharge. 

The plating may prevent a short-circuit due to zinc corrosion.  This may be a way to keep such cells from waste-disposal.

                    The re-charged cell is running a small DC propeller. I will run electronic laods and study the cell performance over 25-75 cycles.

Below is a fine steel current collector painted with a certain type of cement containing MnO2, activated carbon, graphite and kaolin clay. When dried, it will be subjected to a 6 ton press and tested with a zinc anode and aq. NaOH electrolyte.   The cement is conductive and is easier to work with on screen vs. epoxy resin.


Sunday, August 6, 2023

Embrace Uncertainities". David S. Soriano


Embrace Uncertainty-  Bard ( AI/Google)

Life is variable, Anxieties will flare, But our finite existence Is more than just our hair.

So don't let a power-surge Short-circuit your best laid plans, Just breathe and let go, And embrace all the unknowns.

The future is uncertain, But that's okay, It's what makes life exciting, And keeps us on our toes every day.

So don't be afraid of uncertainty, Embrace it with open arms, And see where it takes you, You might just be surprised... at the end.

                                            "Embrace Uncertainties".   2023.   David S. Soriano

                                              Creative Commons.  Use but credit artist.

Copper/Zinc Secondary Cell 1.16V/ 2M NaOH

 Copper/Zinc Secondary Cell 1.16V/ 2M NaOH 

I have many spent zinc/ MnO2. 1.5V. lantern battery cells. Usually, the inner surface of the zinc oxidizes before the outer area shows corrosion.

I took one of this cells to use the zinc casing as an anode for copper as the cathode in 2M aq. NaOH.

I wrapped the copper ( not cleaned) around the zinc cyclinder with paper as separator and polyurethane as additional separator to avoid short circuit.

The cell has an open voltage of 1.16V and can run a small DC motor for at least 30 minutes ( I did not time).  The cell can be recharged.

I am modifiying this prototype to make cyclindrical forms and twoD "sandwich" styles for testing/ observation over cycles of charge-discharge.



                                                    I am developing modified copper electrodes for this cell and developiung alkaline gel electrolytes.  I will upload data as I proceed.

This may be the first timne a "dead" cell is being used ( part of it) to run an active cell.

At 0.3V, the discharge pattern is very unusual. I will determine a safe "cutoff" voltage for the cell.